X-RAY DIFFRACTION

  • X-ray diffraction is a powerful, non-destructive technique to characterize crystalline materials. It provides information about structures, phases, the preferred orientations of the crystal (texture) and other structural parameters, such as the average size of the grain, its crystallinity, stress, and the defects in the crystal. It may be used to determine the phase of crystallization of ceramics, phases of metal alloys, among other uses.